How did ancient people cut, move, and place 1000+ tonne stones with such precision?


We tired of hearing answers like:

“Don’t underestimate their ability”

“They used ropes and pulleys” – Where are they? If the science truly is based on factual evidence and not assumptions, then there should be some finds of this nature. And can you even lift stones this heavy with wooden pulleys?


“Slaves dragged them” – How many slaves, pulling how much weight each, would really be needed? Is this actually possible? Has it been tested?

“They smoothed the stones with copper chisels, saws and sand” – Show me any actual attempt at trying to recreating this, with the same degree of angular and level accuracy.

“Have you seen the man from Michigan move multi ton stones?” – Yes, I have but they come nowhere close to 1000+ tons, and the man does not seem to cut and quarry the stones himself.

“They used water to transport and soften the stones” – What about when water wasn’t around (Statue at Shravanabelagola, more uphill sites not necessarily in egypt)

Kaniz Fathema – Kaniz Fathema Amy

The ancient Egyptians who built the pyramids may have been able to move massive stone blocks across the desert by wetting the sand in front of a contraption built to pull the heavy objects, according to a new study.

Physicists at the University of Amsterdam investigated the forces needed to pull weighty objects on a giant sled over desert sand, and discovered that dampening the sand in front of the primitive device reduces friction on the sled, making it easier to operate. The findings help answer one of the most enduring historical mysteries: how the Egyptians were able to accomplish the seemingly impossible task of constructing the famous pyramids.

How Were The Pyramids Built? | DK Find Out

To make their discovery, the researchers picked up on clues from the ancient Egyptians themselves. A wall painting discovered in the ancient tomb of Djehutihotep, which dates back to about 1900 B.C., depicts 172 men hauling an immense statue using ropes attached to a sledge. In the drawing, a person can be seen standing on the front of the sledge, pouring water over the sand, said study lead author Daniel Bonn, a physics professor at the University of Amsterdam.

“Egyptologists thought it was a purely ceremonial act,” Bonn told Live Science. “The question was: Why did they do it?”

Bonn and his colleagues constructed miniature sleds and experimented with pulling heavy objects through trays of sand.

When the researchers dragged the sleds over dry sand, they noticed clumps would build up in front of the contraptions, requiring more force to pull them across.

Just how the hell were the Egyptian Pyramids actually built? - six-two by  Contiki

Adding water to the sand, however, increased its stiffness, and the sleds were able to glide more easily across the surface. This is because droplets of water create bridges between the grains of sand, which helps them stick together, the scientists said. It is also the same reason why using wet sand to build a sandcastle is easier than using dry sand, Bonn said.

but it’s an unproven theory, it’s too mysterious compared to the technology of the time

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